Nanotechnology Challenges

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Nanotechnology Challenges

Post: # 28284Post Egaladeist
Tue Jul 25, 2006 6:30 am

1. Meeting global energy needs with clean solutions

Balancing humanity’s energy demands while protecting the environment is a major challenge. Nanotechnology will help to solve the dilemma of energy needs and limited planetary resources through more efficient generation, storage and distribution.

Meeting Global Energy Needs With Clean Solutions

2. Providing Abundant Clean Water Globally

The demand for fresh water is increasing. Considering the current rate of consumption and projected population growth, some two-thirds of the world will be affected by drought by the year 2050. Nanotechnology can help solve this problem through improved water purification and filtration.

Providing Abundant Clean Water Globally

3. Increasing Health and Longevity of Human Life

Humans are living longer lives, yet infectious diseases and cancer continue to kill millions annually. Because of an aging population there could be a 50% increase of new cancer cases by the year 2020. Nanotechnology will enhance the quality of life for human beings through medical diagnostics, drug delivery and customized therapy.

Increasing Health and Longevity of Human Life

4. Healing and Preserving the Environment

As a set of fundamental technologies that cuts across all industries, nanotech can benefit the environment in a wide variety of ways. Stronger, lighter-weight materials in transportation can reduce fuel use, nano-structured fibers reduce staining and therefore laundering, and low-cost nanosensors will make pollution monitoring affordable. In the longer term, manufacturing processes using productive nanosystems should be able to build our products with little if any waste.

Healing and Preserving the Environment

Through May of 2006, Challenge 4 was "Maximizing Productivity of Agriculture"

Pressure on the world's food sources is ever increasing while harvests have fallen short in recent years. It is anticipated that our world population will swell to 8.9 billion by the year 2050 putting even greater demands on agriculture. Precision farming, targeted pest management and the creation of high yield crops are a few nanotech solutions.

Previous challenge: Maximizing Productivity of Agriculture, June 2005 - May 2006
5. Making Powerful Information Technology Available Everywhere

Humanity will need to cooperate as we respond to disasters and critical threats to our survival. A "planetary nervous system" fostering rapid communication and cross-cultural relationships is needed. Nanotechnology applications in electronics will increase access through reduced cost and higher performance of memory, networks, processors and components.

Making Powerful Information Technology Available Everywhere
6. Enabling the Development of Space

Heavy demands on resources and raw materials are creating challenges on earth, whereas these items are plentiful in space. Current obstacles to developing space are cost, reliability, safety, and performance. Nanotechnology will solve these through improved fuels, smart materials, uniforms and environments.

Enabling the Development of Space

http://www.foresight.org/challenges/index.html
Foresight Nanotechnology Challenges

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Probably the only division of the UN that deserves the respect of everyone...and lives up to it's mandate...the UNESCO...the link on the page opens a PDF of the book...

The Ethics and Politics of Nanotechnology
Brochure describing the science of nanotechnology and presenting some of the ethical, legal and political issues that face the international community in the near future.

http://portal.unesco.org/shs/en/ev.php- ... N=201.html
The Ethics and Politics of Nanotechnology: UNESCO SHS

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Hotmail founder to build Nano City in India

Edward Iwata of USA Today reports that Hotmail founder Sabeer Bhatia has ambitious plans for India:

The most ambitious project may be “Nano City,” a $10 billion, environmentally sustainable development unveiled in April by entrepreneur Bhatia and the Haryana state government in northern India. Modeled after Silicon Valley, Nano City will feature R&D and educational centers and corporate offices for technology, biosciences and other “knowledge industries.”

“My goal is to build a model city of the future for the whole world,” says Bhatia, who hopes Nano City will be completed in 10 years.

This sounds excellent, but it also doesn’t sound closely focused on nanotech per se. From another story on Nano City:

Mr Chaudhary said that the State Government expected this city to cover technologies such as Nano Technology, Bio Sciences, Software Product Development, Next Generation Internet Products, Materials Research and Energy.

Further clarification on this point, this time from Mr. Bhatia in Red Herring:

The term ‘nano’ is used to represent all technologies of the future and does not restrict this city to development of nanotechnology-based technologies.

Although we at Foresight would prefer the project to focus more tightly on nanotech, especially atomically-precise manufacturing, we wish excellent success to Nano City. —Christine

http://www.foresight.org/nanodot/?p=2282
Nanodot: Nanotechnology News and Discussion » Blog Archive » Hotmail founder to build Nano City in India



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